This page details the steps to create analyses using study centric data. All new protocols created from 25 April 2023 have study centric data management enabled.
A sensitivity analysis is a repeat of a meta-analysis in which alternative decisions or ranges of values are substituted for decisions that were arbitrary or unclear. More information is available in Section 10.14 of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions.
When setting up the review criteria, you can define covariates and associated categories. Covariates are study characteristics that might influence the size of the intervention effect. As an author, you should predefine at the protocol stage which study characteristics you plan to investigate with subgroup analyses or to filter by for sensitivity analyses.
When investigating heterogeneity by subgrouping an analysis by a study characteristic (covariate), you may have identified that a certain characteristic did impact the results. With the filter you can then generate a sensitivity analysis where you filter out results with that characteristic to investigate the impact on the synthesis.
On the main Analyses page, create or select the Analysis you want to filter for a sensitivity analysis. On the Option tab, within the Synthesis PICO, you can specify which covariate your want to filter by and define if you want to include or exclude certain studies with certain filter values (the predefined Covariate Categories). It is also useful to indicate this is a sensitivity analysis in the Analysis Name.
The example is filtering by the Covariate Dropouts by excluding those with more than 4%.
Open the graph tab and see that an analysis excluding results with >4% Dropouts is created.