The Cochrane Review Group's Co-ordinating Editor or nominated deputy must approve each Cochrane Review or Protocol of a Cochrane Review before it can proceed for publication in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Approval is also required by the Cochrane Diagnostic Test Accuracy Editorial Team for Diagnostic Test Accuracy Cochrane Reviews or Protocols for Cochrane Reviews.

The Cochrane Review Group's editorial team has the right to transfer editorial responsibility to another Cochrane Review Group; and to withdraw the review if it does not meet the standards of the Cochrane Review Group and/or Cochrane.